A History of Western Philosophy Book 7

Author: Jack Thomson, Publisher: Phoenix

A History of Western Philosophy Book 7: Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, and Questions we are still asking

A history of Western philosophy is a progressive story of the best answers to the most interesting and important questions we have asked in our attempts to understand the world and our experience in it from the beginning of our time on Earth. Examples of such questions are:

  • What can we know, and how can we come to know it?
  • What is the fundamental nature of our world and ourselves?
  • How can we best live and organise our individual and collective lives most satisfyingly and happily?

From early childhood to very old age we all ask philosophical questions because we feel the need to understand our human situation and condition.

This history is divided into 11 major Parts presented in 7 separate Books, covering the main developments in science and philosophy over the past 2,500 years. During this time, some radically different schools of thought have emerged, all integrally related to the history of the times, societies and cultures from which they arose.

Book 7: Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, and Questions we are still asking

Part 10: Political Philosophy from the Ancient Greeks to Modern Times: Political philosophy examines political concepts such as liberty, justice, human rights and other principles supporting the laws designed by governments to regulate the operation of the State. The main political ideologies that have dominated political systems at different times throughout the last 2,500 years are analysed and evaluated. These ideologies are Liberalism, Conservatism, Socialism, Communitarianism, Anarchism, Libertarianism, Communism and Fascism. The ideas of the major political philosophers from Plato to the present are outlined and evaluated.

Part 11: (i) Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Ethics: I focus on the major work of two Australian philosophers, Peter Singer and Clive Hamilton: Singer's How Are We to Live? Ethics in an Age of Self-interest and One World: the ethics of globalisation; and Hamilton's The Freedom Paradox: Towards a Post-Secular Ethics.

Part 11: (ii) Questions we are still asking: We look at the problems of understanding the concepts of time and space; the difference between tensed and untensed time; the relationship between the self, time and free will; free will and determinism; the as-yet unsolved problem of the relationship between Einsteinian relativity and quantum mechanics; Martin Heidegger's conception of the relationship between time and the nature of human being; the universe and our relationship with it (Why does our world exist? and Why is there something rather than nothing?); the relationship between consciousness, mind and brain; and, finally, the philosophical pursuit of truth.

More Information
Edition 1st
Date of Publication 2018
ISBN 9781925169218
Subject Philosophy