A History of Western Philosophy Book 5

Author: Jack Thomson, Publisher: Phoenix

A History of Western Philosophy Book 5: Two Opposed Philosophies: Analytic Philosophy and Contemporary Continental Philosophy

A history of Western philosophy is a progressive story of the best answers to the most interesting and important questions we have asked in our attempts to understand the world and our experience in it from the beginning of our time on Earth. Examples of such questions are:

  • What can we know, and how can we come to know it?
  • What is the fundamental nature of our world and ourselves?
  • How can we best live and organise our individual and collective lives most satisfyingly and happily?

From early childhood to very old age we all ask philosophical questions because we feel the need to understand our human situation and condition.

This history is divided into 11 major Parts presented in 7 separate Books, covering the main developments in science and philosophy over the past 2,500 years. During this time, some radically different schools of thought have emerged, all integrally related to the history of the times, societies and cultures from which they arose.

Book 5: Two Opposed Philosophies: Analytic Philosophy and Contemporary Continental Philosophy

Part 7: Analytic Philosophy: Logical Positivism, Linguistic Philosophy and the Philosophy of Language: Analytic philosophy was based on the methods of symbolic logic developed by mathematicians such as Bertrand Russell who assumed that philosophical problems could best be solved by a logical analysis of the major concepts or propositions of statements. Russell began by trying to reduce language to its most simple basic components in order to remove its ambiguities and give it the objectivity of mathematics. The greatest analytic philosopher of the twentieth century. Ludwig Wittgenstein, showed the impossibility of arriving at a perfectly logical language by explaining that it is not only the words that communicate meaning but the contexts in which they are used.

Part 8: Philosophy since the 1960s: Contemporary Continental Philosophy: Against the analytic philosophers, the predominantly European Continental philosophers developed intellectual theories which rejected the propositions and values of the Enlightenment and argued that language is unavoidably unstable so that our linguistic and cultural meanings can never be unambiguous or certain.

More Information
Edition 1st
Date of Publication 2018
ISBN 9781925169195
Subject Philosophy